2008年全国医学博士外语统一考试英语试题录音原文 - 医学真题 - 
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Paper One
Part I  Listening Comprehension ( 30 % )
Section A
Directions: In this section you will hear fifteen short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, you will hear a question about what is said. The question will be read only once. After you hear the question, read the four possible answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.
Now let’ s begin with question number 1.
1.  W:   How many people turned out at the fund raising event?
M: Fewer people came than we had expected. It was disappointing, but we made a little money for our organization.
W: Sorry, I wasn’t able to attend. I intended to.
Q: What did the man say about the fund raising event?
2.  M: The reflux disease is often caused by the relaxation of the sphincter which opens at the wrong time, allowing acid content to flow into the esophagus. What do you think is the result?
 W: It burns. That’ s what causes heart burn, right?
 Q: What are they talking about?
3.   W: Excuse me, I understand that this office helps students with housing, is that right?
 M: Are you a student in nursing program? May I see your ID card? Urn, yes, we can certainly help you. Where are you staying now?
 W: I just arrived yesterday, I’ m staying at the hotel across the street.
 M: Will you be living alone or do you have a family, or would you be interested in sharing housing?
 Q: Where does this conversation most probably take place?
4.   M: Let’s call it a day, we’ve acted for hours.
 W: I’ m beat too. Let’ s get something to eat.
 M: We’ d be able to feel better with a little nutrition.
 Q: How are the speakers feeling?
5.   W: I heard that you and some friends are organizing a cruise to Maldives.
 M: It’ s never really got off the ground.
 W: That’ s too bad. It sounded like fun.
 M: Yeah, I’ m still planning to go. Alone if I have to.
 Q: What is the man planning to do?
6.   M: Doc, I’m afraid to have the runs.
 W: Are you going to the toilet often?
 M: Haven’t stopped since very early this morning.
 W: What did you have for breakfast?
 M: Just cereal and a few cups of tea.
 Q: What is the man’s problem?
7.   W: Take off your shirt and I will take a closer look.
 M: Can you see any bits of glass?
 W: Yes, I have removed them all, and disinfected the wound. The next thing I should do is to stitch you up.
 Q: What is the woman going to do next?
8.   M: Hello, Dr. Carbon here, what seems to be the problem?
 W: It’ s Mr. Lindley. I found him in his chair, white as a sheet. I thought he passed out.
 Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
9.   W: Jacky is considering attending the University of Texas in Houston.
 M: Really? I thought she was registered at Duke University.
 W: That’ s true. But she decided that she didn’t want to be so far away from home.
 Q: What does the woman say about Jacky?
10.  M: My gosh, you look like you’ ye got run over by a truck. What’s wrong?
 W: My boyfriend just dumped me for another girl.
Q: What does the woman mean?
11. M: The only medicine that will save the patient’ s life produces a serious allergic reaction.
W: The doctors are between Iraq and a hard place now.
Q: What does the woman imply?
12.  W: Did you like the Chanel bag that I got?
M: You must have a rich boyfriend because that bag is so expensive.
W: I bought it on e-bay. It was only one tenth of the original price. And the purchase online is so easy.
Q: What is said about the Chanel bag?
13. W: Bring some medicine when you go to picnic. Insects can transmit disease.
M. I see. You have said that several times.
Q: Which of the following can best describe the man’ s feeling?
14. M: Please look at this car, it’s nice.
W: This car has a lot of faults. You must think that I was born yesterday if you expect me to buy it.
Q: What does the woman mean?
15. W: How are you doing these days with your new job?
M- Not very well, I’ m afraid. I’ m feeling lousy.
W: Really? Why?
M: It’s been a tense week.
Q: What does the man mean?
Section B
Directions: In this section you will hear three passages. After each one, you will hear five questions. After each question, read the four possible answers marked A, B, C and D.              Choose the best answer and mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.
Passage One
W: Well, you’ll probably have an operation to remove the bowel, or some of it. It’ s too diseased to save, I’ m afraid.
M: How will I go without a bowel? How can I live without a bowel?
W: During the operation, they will fit you externally with a colostomy bag.
M: You mean the bag of Shit hanging inside of my clothes?
M: Well, that’ s perhaps an unnecessarily cruel way of putting it. But, broadly speaking, yes. It is sealed and odor-free. They’ ll show you how to empty it and change it for yourself. And nobody need ever know that you’ve got one unless you tell them.
M: Well, thanks a lot. Cancer of the bowel! All this time you have been prescribing tablets for heart burn, and it turns out that I got cancer of the bowel? Oh, thanks a million. What next? How long will I go on now? Will I be able to live any kind of normal life? Tell me!
W: I prescribed for you on the basis of the symptoms you yourself described to me. Only a colonoscopy can reveal your condition. No doctor could diagnose your condition without the hospital tests that I arranged for you. And yes, you will be able to live a pretty normal life and go work, and everything. Nobody need ever know a thing unless you choose to tell them. And you have full life ahead of you.
16. What is wrong with the man?
17. What does the doctor recommend the man to do?
18. What does the doctor assure the man of?
19. What is the man’s attitude towards the doctor?
20. What does the doctor say about the previous treatment for the patient?
Passage Two
For years researchers have debated whether smoking effects the lungs in men and women differently. In a most compelling study on the topic to date, researchers determined that women are twice as vulnerable to lung cancer as men. But in a surprising twist, they die at half the rate of men. The study, which was published last week in the Journal of the American Medical Association (J. A. M. A. ), included 9,427 men and 7,498 women from throughout North America who were healthy, at least 40 years old and either current or former smokers. Over the course of more than eight years, a group of investigators led by Dr. Claudia Henschke of the Weill Medical College in New York City identified lung tumors in 113 of the men and 156 of the women. Then the researchers kept track of who lived and for how long, as well as the treatment participants were given. The study showed that both sexes tended to be in their late 60s when they received a lung-cancer diagnosis but that the women usually had smoked considerably less than the men. Still, at each stage of lung cancer, the women lived longer than the men. If the reported results are confirmed, there are a few hints from other research that might explain the sex difference. Women’ s bodies appear to have greater difficulty repairing the damage to their genes caused by smoking, but there is also some evidence that estrogen, which is found in women’ s lungs as well as their ovaries, may interfere with some tumors’ ability to grow. There is one thing about which all investigators are ready to agree: lung cancer is particularly deadly and almost entirely preventable. So the take-home message is clear: Don’ t smoke ! If you do smoke, quit!
21. What is the talk mainly about?
22. What was one of the requirements for the participants of the study?
23. Over the course of more than eight years, how many of the participants developed lung cancer?
24. Which of the following is one finding of the study?
25. What is the consensus among all the investigators on smoking?
Passage Three
Jill Kinmont was an avid skier, competing and winning numerous tides in junior and senior national skiing events. As Jill says, "Skiing was it-everything-my world." Jill’ s world collapsed on Jan 30th 1955 when she skied off the Alta run and landed helplessly on the slope. Her fourth, fifth, and sixth cervical vertebrae were broken. For days, Jill hovered between life and death. By April, it became clear that she would be paralyzed from the shoulders down. Jill underwent rehabilitation therapy with cheerful determination. She learned to write, to type, and to feed herself. Once she had mastered daily living skills, she enrolled in the University of California at Los Angeles, where she studied art, German, and English. After overcoming yet another personal tragedy, the death of her boyfriend in a plane crash, Jill graduated in 1961. By this time, Jill had chosen a new career goal: teaching elementary school children. Officials at UCLA, however, rejected her application for admission to the graduate school of education because of her paralysis. But she persevered, working with children in the UCLA Clinic School. When her family moved to Seattle, Jill was able to fulfill her new dream. She attended the School of Education at the University of Washington and began her new life’s work as a teacher. She taught school first in Washington, then Beverly Hills in California. Finally moving back to Bishop in 1975 where she taught special education in Bishop Union Elementary School until her retirement in 1996.
26. What did skiing mean to Jill before the accident.’?
27. What happened to Jill when she skied from the Alta run?
28. What did Jill learn during her rehabilitation?
29. What did Jill do as her new career?
30. What is the most impressive about Jill’s personality?



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