Part I Listening Comprehension (30 % )
Directions: In this section you will hear fifteen short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, you will hear a question about what is said. The question will be read only once. After you hear the question, read the four possible answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.
Now let’ s begin with question Number 1.
1. W: Where are you heading now? You seem to be in a bit of hurry.
M: I’m on my way to the biology building. I have an exam in about twenty minutes.
Q: What is the man going to do?
2. M: Hello, I was wondering if Taylor Smith has checked out yet.
W: Just a moment. I’ll check once the cashier’s desk.
M: Thank you.
W: Well, Mr. Smith is still here. But he will be released tomorrow.
Q: Where is Mr. Smith now?
3. W: You know, Tom’ s been in the hospital for a couple of days.
M: And I’ m the one to put him there with my soccer games.
Q: Which of the following is true about Tom?
4. M: You left Jimmy’ s Birthday party last night. Did you have a headache?
W: Well, I told Jimmy a white lie when I said I had to leave early because I had a headache.
Q: What does the woman mean?
5. W: Your new car is fabulous.
M: Not so fast. I won’t finish paying for it until 2010.
Q: What does the man mean?
6. M: Well, I checked you over pretty thoroughly I can’ t find anything wrong. It sounds to me that you have been overdoing things.
W: Yes, I have.
M: I want you to take things easier. See if you can share your responsibility so that you can make more time for yourself.
Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?
7. W: I’ ye heard that you are organizing an institute of mental help-and-solve. How is it going?
M: Everything is ok now. But it was quite a headache getting it started.
Q: What does the man mean?
8. M: Hi, Susan. How are your finals?
W: Hi, Dad. I finished my last exam this morning and my- last term paper a few minutes ago. I’m really feeling that I can see the light.
Q: How is the woman feeling now?
9. W: Can you tell me how often the chemistry class meets?
M: It meets three times a week for an hour and a half each time.
Q: What does the man mean?
10. M: You are refreshed and energetic. Where did you go for the holiday?
W: I went to a ski resort in Switzerland and had a wonderful time.
M: So you can ski.
Q: What has the man assumed?
11. W: Would you like to take up collision insurance?
M: No, thanks. I won’ t need any insurance.
Q: What does the woman do?
12. M: Did you see Robert?
W: Yes, I did. His leg was in a cast and he was on the crutches.
Q: What happened to Robert?
13. W: I felt that it’ s only been a few days since the vocation started.
M: And it’s almost the time for the new semester.
Q: What do the speakers mean.’?
14. M: Did you hear that Larry got a 630 on the TOEFL test?
W: You could have knocked me over with a feather.
Q: What does the woman mean?
15. W: Good Morning. Welcome to our world. I’ m Larry Brown. Can I help you?
M: Yes, please. I’ m Mr. Wolf and this is my son Ricky who drove me here. I’ ye come for my operation.
Q: Why did Mr. Wolf’s son come to the hospital?
: In this section you will hear three passages. After each one, you will hear five questions. After each question, read the four possible answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.
W: Good morning, can I help you?
M: Yes, I hope so. Thank God, you speak English.
W: Well, just a little. What seems to be wrong?
M: I’ ye got an upset stomach. It’ s pretty bad. I’ ye been always with it. Now, I’ ye got a bad headache as well.
W: I see. When did it first start?
M: When I went to bed.
W: Do you think it’ s something you’ ve eaten?
M: Oh, for sure. I’ m not used to all this wining and dining.
W: Yes, you’ve really eaten a lot.
M: You can say that again.
W: Have you got diarrhea? Is it very loose？
M: That’ s what it feels like.
W: How often do you have to go?
M: I have to go every few minutes.
W: Are you drinking cleaned water, bottled water?
M: I’ ve had a few sips of water. I felt terribly thirsty.
W: Er. Have you taken anything? Did you bring anything from home?
M: I’ve got only these indigestion tablets.
W: Can I see the packet?
M: Here you are ! Look.
W: Have you taken anything for the headache?
M: I’ve taken a couple of paracetamols. That’s all.
W: Do you feel tired?
M: How not? I can hardly keep with my eyes open.
W: Well, I think you’ ye probably just eaten something a bit too rich for you. You know, you are not used to it. I’ m sure you’ 11 be all right in a couple of days with what I’ m going to give you.
Questions 16 -20 are based on the passage you have just heard:
16. Which of the following best describe the man in the dialogue?
17. The man suffered from the following symptoms except?
18. What medicine did the man bring with from homey
19. What might be the cause of the man’ s illness?
20. What will the man probably do next?
Keeping a diary is bad for your health, say UK psychologists. They found that people who regularly keep diaries suffer from headaches, sleeplessness, digestive problems and social awkwardness more than people who don’t.
These findings challenge the assumption that people find it easier to get over a traumatic event if they write about it.
"We expected diary keepers to have more benefit, or be the same, but they were worst of," says Elaine Duncan of the Glasgow Caledonian University. "In fact, you’re probably much better off if you don’ t write anything at all," she adds.
The study, carried out with David Sheffield of Staffordshire University, was presented on Wednesday at a meeting of the British Psychological Society in Edinburgh.
The pair studied 94 regular diarists and compared their health with that of 41 non-diarists. The subjects, all students at Staffordshire University, answered questions about their diary-keeping habits, and filled in a standard questionnaire.
"We decided to test the idea that writing is cathartic," says Duncan. She claims that her study is the first to investigate subjects who write of their own free will. In most other studies, volunteers are actually asked to write about traumatic experiences in a systematic way.
The researchers asked the diarists recruited to say how often they made entries and for how long they had kept diaries. They were also asked if they had written about anything traumatic.
Statistically, the diarists scored much worse on health measures than the non-diarists. The worst affected of all were those who had written about trauma. "They were susceptible to headaches and the like," says Duncan.
Questions 21-25 are based on the passage you have just heard:
21. According to UK psychologists, regular diarist are more likely to suffer from the following except?
22. When and where was Duncan’ s study presented?
23. How many subjects were there in Duncan’ s study7
24. What is special about Duncan’s study?
25. According to Duncan’s study, who scored worst on the health measures?
Most foreigners find British pubs both fascinating and frustrating: fascinating because they are unique to Great Britain and not at all like the bars you find in most other countries and frustrating because their peculiar opening and closing hours.
In fact, much of the law history of pub in Britain is to do with people who want to drink and others who want to stop them. The development of pubs and the law surrounding them is an interesting way of learning a little more about our social history. Foreigners often think of tea as the British national drink. But compared to beer drinking, tea drinking is a very recent development. Beer has been drunk in Britain since before the Roman invasion. The earliest breweries were parts of the monasteries. And as early as 1659 AD the king of Kent was making laws in an attempt to stop priests from getting drunk.
By the late 16th century, drunkenness was a real problem and laws were passed to restrict drinking hours. In 1606, a law was passed which stated the purpose of inns was to lodge way-faring people only. Travelers were allowed to buy drinks at times forbidden to local people. However, the ingenuity of the dedicated drinkers got around this problem and the result was that the locals would simply move on to the next town or village when they wanted to continue drinking after time in their own village.
In the 19th century, cheap gin appeared in Britain. It was very popular among poor people. Drunkenness again increased and more laws were passed. The Temperance Society was formed to fight against the demon drink. This group of dedicated tea-toilers tried to persuade people to abstain from drinking by getting them to sign the pledge. In spite of their various attempts to curb drinking, or step it out completely, pubs continue to provide a major part of British social life. Their opening and closing hours are still restricted by law although they have their recommendations recently for big changes, including extending licensing hours and admitting children. But nothing has happened yet.
Questions 26-30 are based on the passage you have just heard:
26. What is this talk mainly about?
27. When did people start to drink beer in Britain? ,
28. What was the purpose of the law passed in 1606?
29. Which of the following factors contribute to the rise of drunkenness in the 19th century?
30. Which of the following is true of English pubs today?