北京航空航天大学2001年博士入学考试英语试题 - 英语真题 - 
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北京航空航天大学2001年博士入学考试英语试题
Part I: Listening Comprehension (25%)
Section A (5%)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations between two speakers At the end of each conversation, a third voice will ask a question about what was said You will hear both the conversation and the question about it only once After you hear the question, read the four possible answers and choose the best answer
Example: You will hear:
         You will read:  A. At a bus station.
                      B. At an airport.
                      C. At a railway station.
                      D. At a cafeteria in the railway station.
From the conversation we know that the two speakers are drinking coffee and they are going to take a train This is most likely to take place at a cafeteria Therefore,                                                             D "At a cafeteria in tile railway station" is the best answer
1. A. In his own country.              B. In a foreign country.
   C. In his hometown.                       D. In a city near his home.
2. A. She is travelling.
   B. She is shopping.
   C. She is helping a stranger to find the way.
   D. She is working at the Tourist Information Center.
3. A. The news.                        B. TV programs.    
C. A piece of advertisement.            D. Some cartoons.
4. A. The only way is to use signals.     B. He would probably use gestures.
   C. He would do nothing.            D. He would turn away.
5. A. Jane was tired last night.
   B. Jane saw a terrible night bird last night,
   C. Jane didn't sleep well last night.
   D. Jane had a terrible headache last night.
6. A. The woman is wearing her sister's dress.
   B. The dress doesn't fit her sister.
   C. The woman is wearing a new dress.
   D. The woman is wearing an old dress.
7. A. She's going to read a book.
   B. She's going to buy some things.
   C. She's going to work.
   D. She's going to write a grocery list.
8. A. Because it is broken.
   B. Because it is not the size he needs.
   C. Because it is dirty.
   D. Because it is too small.
9. A. Trying to hurt the woman.
   B. Apologizing for his carelessness.
   C. Robbing the woman.
   D. Escaping.
10.A.The post office.  B.The mailbox.  C.Letters. D.The mailbag.
Section B: (10%)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once After you hear one question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D
Questions 11-13
11. In 1839.        B. In 1893.         C. In 1883.     D. In 1894.
12. A. The inventor of the motor vehicle.
    B. A very successful writer.
    C. The founder of the Ford Motor Company.
    D. The richest businessman in the U. S.
13. A. He paid his workers high wage.
    B. He produced as many cars as possible each day.
    C. He had his own factories for most things he needed.
    D. He produced the Model T and many other successful cars.
Questions 14-16
I4. A. She had a big breakfast.
    B. It was Monday morning.
    C. She changed the flat tire in the garage.
    D. She overslept.
15. A. There were too many people on the platform.
    B. The subway drivers refused to work.
    C. When she got to the station, the train shook off.
    D. Buses go faster than trains.
16. A. She couldn't make her way out of the crowded bus.
    B. The train was so crowded that she couldn't get off.
    C. The bus drivers were on strike.
    D. Her car was damaged on the way.
Questions 17-20
17. A. Repairing all kinds of shoes.
    B. Making horseshoes from metal.
    C. Holding the weight of the horses
D. Keeping the police horses' horseshoes in good shape.
18. A. 2 to 3 hours.                    B. 6 hours.
C. 20 to 35 hours.                    D. It is not mentioned.
19. A. He has to bend over to fit the shoe.
    B. He has to keep the shoe in good repair.
    C. He has to get the horse to lift its leg.
D. He must shape a shoe from a piece of metal.
20. A. Ability to deal with horses.
    B. Skill to deal with policemen.
    C. Great strength.
D. Hard-work spirit.
Section C: Spot dictation (10%)
Directions: In this Section, you will hear a passage of about 170 words three times The passage is primed on your Answer Sheet with about 70 words missing First, you will hear the whole passage from the beginning to the end just to get a general idea of it Then, in the second reading, you will hear a signal indicating the beginning of a pause after each sentence, sometimes two sentences or just part of a sentence During the pause you must write down the missing words you have just heard in the corresponding space on the Answer Sheet There is also a different signal indicating the end of the pause When you hear this signal, you must get ready for what comes next from the recording You can check what you have written when the passage is read to you once again without the pauses
   (1)____________________________________of the world in which we live is tinged by science, as is shown (2) ______________________________A little deeper thinking shows that the influence of science goes much farther and (3) ______________________of modem civilized man on the world about him. Perhaps one of (4) ____________________
Of this (5) _____________________________Freedom from superstition is (6) _____________________that the world is not governed by caprice, but that it is a world of order and can be understood by man if he will only try hard enough and be clever enough (7)______________________, doubtless, the most important single gift of science to civilization. (8)___________________of this view can be dated (9) _______________; and for this reason Newton (10) ________________.
 
Part II: Reading Comprehension (25%)
Directions: There are five passages in this part each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center
Passage One
    In a 30-knot wind abeam, the sails on the fully loaded ship can provide 53 percent of the power to travel at 12 knots. To get the most from other wind speeds and points of sail, a microcomputer system gives automatic commands to trim the steel-framed sails by rotating the masts. In a fair and strong wind, the engine slows down automatically. Otherwise, the engine works no harder than necessary to maintain constant ship speed. With efficient equipment and design, fuel savings can be as high as 50 percent.
    Wind is secondhand solar energy; its basic driving force is the unequal heating of the earth and atmosphere. It is given characteristic flow patterns by the earth's rotation.
    As every sailor knows, winds constantly shift in direction and vary in speed. Although public services would have to learn to accommodate the variable outputs of wind machines, researchers believe wind power could become a continually useful source of energy.
    Its availability depends on geography. Wind generators are most practical in the Great Plains, in mountains, and along certain coastal areas.
    The Wind Energy Systems Act of 1980 has started an eight-year, 900-million-dollar program to develop cost-effective wind power systems in the United States, and a number of large wind turbines are already in the experimental testing or development stages. But it would take 30,000 large turbines and thousands of smaller ones to supply 10 percent of the nation's electrical power needs by the year 2000.
    Small windmills can be used by individuals; in 1920 perhaps a million were in use in the U.S., mainly on farms. Denmark alone had about 25,000 in the 1980s'. After the horse, ox, and himself, man's primary mechanical energy source before the industrial revolution was wind. It has a role to play again.
1. According to the passage, the engine of a fully-loaded ship can______________
   A. provide 53 percent of the power to travel at 12 knots
   B. give automatic commands to rotate the masts
   B. be controlled by a microcomputer system
   D. get the most from wind speeds and points of sail.
2. The word "accommodate" most nearly means_____________
   A. adapt     B. accumulate      C. accept      D. supply
3. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
   A. People can make great use of wind power in mountains.
   B. Wind power is an indirect form of safer energy.
   C. Wind power was the most important mechanical energy source before the Industrial Revolution.
   D. Wind flows regularly because of the rotation of the earth
4. The United States_______________
    A. can supply 10 percent of the nation’s electric power with the wind power system.
    B. is likely to make great use of wind power in the next 12 years.
    C. began to develop its wind power system early in 1920.
    D plans to use small windmills again.
5. The title below that best expresses the ideas of the passage is_______________
    A. Harnessing the wind.      B. Wind power.
    C. Wind power and man.      D. Wind plays a role again.

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