北京航空航天大学2002年博士入学考试英语试题 - 英语真题 - 
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北京航空航天大学2002年博士入学考试英语试题
Part I: Listening Comprehension (25%)
Section A: (5%)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations After you have heard each conversation, try to choose the best answer
 1. A. Ask the woman for some cakes.     B. Get a receipt for his purchase.
    C. Borrow the recipe.                D. Call the woman's grandmother.
 2. A. Language teaching                  B. Business administration
    C. Microbiology                       D. History
 3. A. Begin the service immediately.              B. Ask someone to contact the manager.
    C. Write a note about the service         D. Ask the manager to wait.
 4. A. A retirement party                  B. A birthday party.
C. A faculty reception.               D. A class reunion.
 5. A. Selling furniture                  B. Making a chair
    C. Making a coffee table              D. Moving furniture
 6. A. Go to the reading room           B. The reading room closes at 1O
    C. The reading room closes at 11       D. Get together.
 7. A. They'll go to a park.              B. They'll go to a movie.
    C. They'll go to a museum             D .They'll go to an exhibition.
 8. A. Take a boat ride                   B. Listen to the radio.
    C. Go fishing                        D. Play golf
 9. A. He'll go by plane                  B. He isn't sure
    C. He’ll go by train.                      D. He'll go by bus.
10. A. Go to see a movie.               B. Leave for New York
C. Meet her sister at the station.       D. Fix a party.
Section B: (10%)
Directions: In this part, you will hear three short passages, after you have heard the passages and the questions; choose the best answer from the four choices given by marking the corresponding letter
Passage 1
 1. A. A New York executive            B A computer specialist
    C. A television announcer            D. A teacher.
 2. A. A science fiction cartoon          B. A scientific program.
    C. A movie on personality.          D. A drama set in New York City.
 3. A. To demonstrate the rarest use of computer graphics
    B. To raise funds for public television programming.
    C. To explain the workings of the brain.
    D. To increase membership in professional medical societies.
 4. A. Because it is required of all science majors
    B. Because It was made in New York City.
    C. Because it will be shown after working hours.
    D. Because it will be helpful with course work.
Passage 2
 5. A. Germans                         B. Russians
    C. Americans                       D. Asians.
 6. A. Russians added pepper.          B. Germans added sugar.
    C. Russians put a raw egg in it.      D. Germans cooked it.
 7. A. A British man                   B. A man in St Louis.
C. A man from Texas.               D. A man who made sandwiches.
Passage 3
 8. A. Energy conversation.
    B. Transportation of the future
    C. Transportation problem.
    D .Advantages of air transportation over railroad.
 9. A. On short trips                     B.On long trips.
    C. When flying over cities.           D.When flying at lush altitudes.
10. A. It uses new energy.                B. It rests on a cushion of pressurized air
C.It flies over magnetically activated tracks.
D.It uses a device similar to a jet engine
Section C: (10%)
Directions: You are going to hear a talk for three times about "Why older is better?" Listen carefully and try to finish the following exercises
1. Try to write down the main ideas of the five reasons supporting the viewpoint that "Why older is better" (5%)
  (1)____________________________________________________________________
  (2)____________________________________________________________________
(3) ____________________________________________________________________
  (4) ____________________________________________________________________
 (5) ____________________________________________________________________
 2. Fill in the following blanks:  (5%)
"Our psychological defense mechanisms, ways of(6)__difficult feelings, become healthier as we grow older. The young protect themselves with strategies such as denial and impulsive acting-out. The middle-aged (7)___defenses such as (8)____altruism and creativity. That's because you have been fired once, or gone through a (9)____, or lost a loved one--and you've survived psychologically, you're (10)____"
 
Part II: Reading Comprehension (25%)
Directions: There are five passages in this part Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center
Passage l
    Auctions are public sales of goods, conducted by an officially approved auctioneer.
 He asks the crowd assembled in the auction-room to make offers, or "bid", for the various items on sale. He encourages buyers to bid higher figures, and finally names the highest bidder as the buyer of the goods. This is called "knocking down" the goods, for the bidding ends when the auctioneer bangs a small hammer on a table at which he stands.
    An auction is usually advertised beforehand with full particulars of the articles to be sold and where and when they can be viewed by prospective buyers. If the advertisement cannot give full details, catalogues are printed, and each group of goods to be sold together, called a "lot", usually given a number. The auctioneer need net begin with Lot I and continue in numerical order, he may wait until he registers the fact that certain dealers are in the room and then produce the lots they are likely to be interested in The auctioneer's services are paid for in the form of a percentage of the price the goods are sold for. The auctioneer therefore has a direct interest in pushing up the bidding as high as possible.
     The auctioneer must know fairly accurately the current market values of the goods                                                    he is selling, and he should be acquainted with regular buyers of such goods. He will not waste time by starting the bidding too low. He will also play on the rivalries among his buyers and succeed in getting a high price by encouraging two business competitors to bid against each other. It is largely on his advice that a dealer will fix a "reserve" price, that is, a price below which the goods cannot be sold. Even the best auctioneers, however, find it difficult to stop a "knock-out", whereby dealers illegally arrange beforehand not to bid against each, but nominate one of themselves as the only bidder, the real auction sales takes place privately afterwards among the dealers.
1. "Knocking down" the goods means__________
A. knocking them down from a table
B. bidding higher prices for them
C. cutting back on their prices
D. selling them
2. An auctioneer is paid on the basis of__________
   A. his knowledge of goods on sale
   B. his work and effort during the sale
   C. the price of the goods sold at the auction
D. market value of the goods
3. The auctioneer doesn't have to sell the "tots" in numerical order because he knows from experience that______
   A. some dealers often arrive at the auction late
   B. certain people want to buy certain items
   C. items of the highest prices should be put at the end
   D. he will be paid higher in that way
4. At an auction, a bidder may get an item at a tow price if he______
   A. beats others in the bidding
   B. promises to sell the item again later
   C. can fix a "reserve" price
   D. reaches some agreement beforehand with other prospective buyers
5. This passage is mainly concerned with ______
   A. how an auction is conducted
   B. the auctioneer's role in an auction
   C. the development of auctioning
   D. the history of auctioning

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